Friday, 24 April 2015

Potato shines amid agri gloom, surges to record production

LUCKNOW: Amid the gloom of severe crop damage and farmers' suicide, here comes something to cheer about -- potato production has seen a record surge in the state with a staggering 143 metric tonne yield this year. This is highest in the past decade.

According to the horticulture directorate, 109.15 lakh metric tonne potato has already reached the cold storages, which too, officials confirm, is a record. Officials at the horticultural directorate hope that the record production of potato this year would have a cascading effect on other crops and farmers alike which might keep a check on spiraling prices due to crop damage.

Confirming the figure, horticulture director HP Joshi told TOI that the previous record was of 135.76 lakh metric tonne, achieved in 2010-2011. On the storage front, Joshi said, in the same year 100.42 lakh metric tonne potato has been stored which was the previous record. The reason for this bumper crop is conducive weather condition and increasing interest in farmers towards potato cultivation, another senior official said.

There are 1,620 cold storages in the state with a capacity of 121.24 lakh metric tonne, Joshi said and added that the record production was projected by the Central Government agency National Centre for Crop Forecasting.

Uttar Pradesh was the largest producer of potato in the country with the state accounting for around 35% to 40% of the total produce, Joshi said. This year, after UP, West Bengal is projected to produce approximately 100 lakh metric tonne potato, followed by Bihar.

These states are not only the top three producers but also account for around 70% of total production in the country, Joshi said. In UP, around a dozen districts from West UP including Agra, Firozabad, Farrukhabad, Hathras, Kannauj, Aligarh, Mathura and Bulandshahar account for 40% of the state production.

In Central and Eastern UP region, Barabanki is the only district with respectable potato production, Joshi said. Of the total produce in UP, around 6 lakh metric tonne is consumed by 21 crore UPites, Joshi said.

Out of the total production of UP, around 10 lakh metric tonne goes to other states while around 17 lakh metric tonne is consumed as seed. The figures available with the directorate also point out that potato cultivation was fast catching up among UP farmers. Against 5.70 lakh hectare land used for producing 119.49 lakh metric tonne potato last fiscal, potato this fiscal is being produced over 6.27 lakh hectare of land.

Joshi said that unseasonal rain didn't have much adverse impact on potato production as harvesting of potato had already begun since January.

Round Figures

Year Land (Lakh Hect) Production(LMT) Cold Storages Stored

2010-11 5.57 135.76 -- 100.42

2011-12 5.58 123.16 1522 81.46

Source:The Times of India

2012-13 5.48 133.36 1555 83.05

2013-14 5.70 120.60 1607 76.79

2014-15 6.27 143.15 1620 109.15

Banana ripening centre starts receiving growers’ patronage

Banana ripening centre starts receiving growers’ patronage

The banana ripening centre set up by the Primary Agricultural Co-operative Credit Society at Varadarajapuram near Thottiyam has started earning profit this season.— Photo: A. Muralitharan
The banana ripening centre set up by the Primary Agricultural Co-operative Credit Society at Varadarajapuram near Thottiyam has started earning profit this season.

The banana ripening centre set up by the Primary Agricultural Co-operative Credit Society at Varadarajapuram near Thottiyam has started attracting a large number of banana growers this season, thanks to high yield and growing awareness.
The centre, which has been functioning since June 2013, received relatively poor patronage during the banana season between January and May in 2014, and it did not bring much revenue last year, “However, during the current season since January this year, the centre has started earning revenue enabling us to foot the maintenance bill, including power bill,” said P.Sankar, president of the society. The average quantity of goods stored at the warehouse now stands at three tonnes against the storage capacity of 10 tonnes.
The society collects Rs.1,200 a tonne for storing banana for ripening for two days. The centre had netted a revenue of around Rs. 54,000 a month this season.
Through the ripening process at the centre, the shelf life of the fruit is enhanced and the nutritional content of the fruit also remains intact. S.Saravanan, secretary of the society, said the society has been organising sustained awareness campaign among banana cultivators about the advantages of the centre. About 3,000 acres of land had been brought under banana in and around Varadarajapuram by 1,500 members of the society.
The uniform ripening process is achieved at the chamber as it maintains a steady temperature of 18-21 degree Celsius. Cold storage facility available at the centre allows banana to be stored for a maximum of 20 days at a steady temperature of 13 degree Celsius.
The ripening centre was constructed at an estimate of Rs.32.14 lakh of which Rs. 28 lakh was contributed by the National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development and the rest, Rs.4.14 lakh, by the Tiruchi District Central Cooperative Bank.
Although it was declared open in June 2013, the ripening process commenced six months later in January 2014 when the crop was harvested.

Source: The Hindu

Wednesday, 22 April 2015

Focus on inland fish culture

Mango to be dearer by 50-65 per cent this summer

Mango to be dearer by 50-65 per cent this summer

A vendor displays Alphonso mangoes at Crawford Market in Mumbai on April 8, 2015. Photo: Paul Noronha

Unseasonal rain led to a production loss of up to 50 per cent in some States.
Relishing mangoes this summer will cost a lot more. Prices of the fruit have shot up by 50-65 per cent as unseasonal rain caused production loss.
A study by industry body Assocham said lower-end varieties are selling at Rs. 100 a kg in retail markets while the premium variety Alphonso is selling at Rs 500-600 per dozen in Mumbai.
Unseasonal rain led to a production loss of up to 50 per cent in some States.
“Mango crop suffered the onslaught of repeated rain accompanied by hailstorm and strong winds from end January till early April, 2015 in North and Central India, resulting in huge loss.
“Prices have shot up by 50-65 per cent, at a much higher pace than other fruits and vegetables,” the study said.
The maximum damage has been reported in Uttar Pradesh, which produces the largest variety of mangoes in over a dozen areas like Malihabad, Shahabad, Aloha, Unnao, Bulandshahr, Hardoi, Barabanki and Saharanpur.
Preliminary estimates point towards a minimum loss of 20 per cent on production, it said. In some pockets of Uttar Pradesh the loss was estimated at over 50 per cent.
With an output of four million tonnes, U.P. contributes about one-fourth of India’s production, which is likely to fall to 15 million tonnes this season, the study said, adding that the situation in Maharashtra and other central Indian states was equally bad.
“Various State governments have announced relief measures and financial compensation. They are not sufficient to mitigate farmers’ losses and also curb rising prices. More needs to be done to help farmers,” Assocham secretary General D.S. Rawat said.
As per the study, Andhra Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh together account for about half of the total mangoes produced in India with both the States accounting for almost similar share of over 24 per cent.
Karnataka (10 per cent) and Bihar (7.6 per cent) are among the top five States with high share in mango production.
The study said the production losses were likely to impact exports of the fruit from India
Source: The Hindu

Monday, 20 April 2015

"ஒருங்கிணைந்து செயல்படும் விவசாயிகளுக்கு ரூ.2 கோடி வரை கடனுதவி'

விவசாயிகள் ஒருங்கிணைந்து மதிப்புக் கூட்டப்பட்ட பொருள்கள் தயாரிப்பில் ஈடுபட்டால் ரூ.2 கோடி வரை கடனுதவி பெறலாம் என பயிற்சி முகாமில் தெரிவிக்கப்பட்டது.
 தமிழ்நாடு கால்நடை மருத்துவப் பல்கலைக்கழக பயிற்சி மற்றும் ஆராய்ச்சி மையத்தின்(திண்டுக்கல் பிரிவு) சார்பில், கோழி, ஆடு மற்றும் பால் பண்ணை அமைப்பதற்கான வழிமுறைகள் குறித்து விவசாயிகளுக்கான பயிற்சி முகாம் திங்கள்கிழமை நடைபெற்றது.
 பயிற்சி முகாமுக்கு ஆராய்ச்சி மையத்தின் தலைவர் எஸ்.பீர்முகமது தலைமை வகித்தார். இதில், மத்திய வேளாண் அமைச்சகத்தின் அங்கீகாரம் பெற்ற வேளாண் விற்பனை மைய இயக்குநர் ஏ.எல்.அழகர்குமார் சிறப்பு அழைப்பாளராக கலந்து கொண்டு, மானியம் பெறுவதற்கான வழிமுறைகள் குறித்து விளக்கம் அளித்தார்.
அப்போது அவர் தெரிவித்தது:
 கால்நடை வளர்ப்பு மட்டுமின்றி, தோட்டக் கலைப் பயிர்களிலிருந்தும் மதிப்பு கூட்டப்பட்ட பொருள்கள் தயாரிக்கும் விவசாயிகளை ஊக்குவிக்க மத்திய அரசு நடவடிக்கை மேற்கொண்டு வருகிறது. அந்த வகையில், வணிக ரீதியாக விவசாயிகள் பயன்பெற வேண்டும் என்பதற்காக 25 முதல் 60 சதவீதம் வரை நபார்டு மூலம் கடனுதவி வழங்கப்படுகிறது.
 200க்கும் மேற்பட்ட விவசாயிகள் ஒருங்கிணைந்து செய்யும் தொழில்களுக்கு, 90 சதவீத மானியத்துடன் அதிகபட்சமாக ரூ.2 கோடி வரை கடன் பெறலாம். தஞ்சாவூரில் அமைந்துள்ள உணவு பதப்படுத்தும் தொழில்நுட்ப மையத்தின் மூலம், பால், இறைச்சி, தக்காளி, மாம்பழம் உள்ளிட்ட பொருள்களிலிருந்து மதிப்பு கூட்டப்பட்ட பொருள்கள் தயாரிப்பதற்கான பயிற்சி வழங்கப்படுகிறது என்றார் அவர்.
 முகாமில், ஐடிபிஐ வங்கியின் வர்த்தக பிரதிநிதி(மதுரை) முருகன் ராமசாமி, ஆராய்ச்சி மைய உதவி போராசிரியர் கே.விஜயகுமார் உள்ளிட்டோர் கலந்து கொண்டனர்.


Horticulture crops to get a boost with establishment of knowledge centre

The export of grape is expected to increase with the establishment of the Agriculture Business Export Knowledge Centre in Vijayapura.— PHOTO: RAJENDRA SINGH HAJERI
The export of grape is expected to increase with the establishment of the Agriculture Business Export Knowledge Centre in Vijayapura.— PHOTO: RAJENDRA SINGH HAJERI
Grape and pomegranate, which are popular horticulture crops of the district, are expected to get a boost with the University of Agriculture Sciences — Dharwad (UAS) setting up an Agriculture Business Export Knowledge Centre at the Agriculture Research Station here.
The centre which was functioning in the UAS, Dharwad, since 2007, will have its operation expanded to the district with an objective to improve the quality of the horticulture produces to international standards in order to increase the export.
N.R. Mamledesai, head of the centre here, toldThe Hindu that the objective is to spread awareness among the farmers to produce quality agricultural products.
“The grape and pomegranate of the district has enormous potential in gaining international reputation. But owing to lack of knowledge the farmers are unable to enhance its quality to meet the exports stands,” Dr. Mamledesai said.
The centre primarily does the job of training and educating the farmers on improving the quality of the crop.
He said that it is crucial to meet the exports standard based on the parameters set up Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), a statutory body that sets parameters for exporting the agriculture products.
“Those farmers who wish to export products should not only meet the parameters but also obtain approval from APEDA either under Good Agriculture Practice system or under organic farming system. The parameters are set based on the quality, size, colour and permissible level of chemical residue in the fruit,” he said.
Dr. Mamledesai said that centre also encourages the formation of farmers produces company which helps in the collection of produces by a single agency for exporting at is difficult for every individual farmer to export the produces.
The formation of the company provides farmers the bargaining power for the produces which multiplies the revenue.
Sharing the experience of Dharwad, Dr. Mamledesai said that with the help of the centre, the prices of mango in the retail market went from Rs. 20/kg to Rs. 110 kg. In Bagalkot district, pomegranate cost increased by Rs. 60, he said.
“I am confident that in Vijayapura also we will give fillip to grape and pomegranate for making farmers earn a higher profit,” he said and added that changes would be visible in next two to three years after the centre begins its operation shortly.

The Hindu

தென்னைக்கும் பயிர்க்காப்பீடு செய்யலாம்

சிவகங்கை மாவட்டத்தில் தென்னை விவசாயம் செய்பவர்களும் பயிர்க் காப்பீடு செய்யலாம் என வேளாண் இணை இயக்குநர் குருமூர்த்தி தெரிவித்துள்ளார்.
இது குறித்து அவர் சனிக்கிழமை வெளியிட்டுள்ள அறிக்கையில் கூறியிருப்பதாவது:சிவகங்கை மாவட்டத்தில் 8,600 ஹெக்டேர் பரப்பளவில் தென்னை சாகுபடி செய்யப்பட்டுள்ளது. கோடைகாலத்தில் ஏற்படும் வறட்சியினால் தென்னை மரம் பாதிப்பு அடைய வாய்ப்புள்ளதால், விவசாயிகள் காப்பீடு செய்து பயன்பெறலாம். ஒரு ஆண்டு முதல் 15 ஆண்டுகள் வரை உள்ள ஒரு மரத்திற்கு மொத்த பிரிமியம் தொகை ரூ.9 இல் அரசு மானியம் போக ரூ.2.25 செலுத்தினால் போதும். 16 ஆண்டுகள் முதல் 60 ஆண்டுகள் வரை உள்ள ஒரு மரத்திற்கு மொத்த பிரிமியத் தொகை ரூ.14 இல் அரசு மானியம் போக ரூ.3.50 செலுத்தி காப்பீடு செய்து பயன்பெறலாம்.
காப்பீடு செய்த ஒரு ஆண்டு காலத்திற்குள் பாதிப்பு ஏற்பட்டால் பயிர் இழப்பீட்டு தொகை பெறலாம். ஒரு ஏக்கருக்கு 70 மரங்கள் வரை காப்பீடு செய்யலாம். காப்பீடு செய்வதற்கு கிராம நிர்வாக அலுவலரிடம் அடங்கல் சான்று பெற்று சம்மந்தப்பட்ட வட்டார வோளாண் உதவி இயக்குநர்களை தொடர்பு கொண்டு காப்பீடு செய்யலாம், என தெரிவித்துள்ளார்.